fahrtraum erstes porsche elektroauto-Lohner Porsche

The first Porsche was electric – the 1900 Lohner Porsche

Ferdinand Porsche was not only a brilliant design engineer but also, first and foremost, a pioneer with foresight. He built his first zero emission vehicle for his boss at the time, Bela Egger of the electrical engineering company VEAG, already in 1896 – an electrically powered carriage assigned by Ludwig Lohner. The vehicle was named Egger-Lohner and Porsche played a considerable role in its development.

As all petrol engine manufacturers in Europe were either unable or reluctant to supply, Ludwig Lohner of the company k.u.k. Hof-Wagen-Fabrik Jacob Lohner decided to take his own path in 1898 with the construction of electric vehicles. There was also a decline in carriage building at the end of the 19th century and the young engineer recognised that the future belonged to motor vehicles. A further reason for the development of electric drives and particularly topical today, was the air and noise pollution caused by loud combustion engines.

Elektromobile « System Lohner Porsche »

fahrtraum erstes porsche elektroauto

Lohner Porsche 1900

In 1899 Ferdinand Porsche left VEAG to join k.u.k. Hof-Wagen-Fabrik Jacob Lohner where he developed the electromobile “System Lohner-Porsche”. The electric vehicle was first presented at the Paris World Exposition in 1900. The automobile world looked on in amazement!

The Lohner Porsche was constructed in a very similar way to the carriage by Lohner with typically large rear wheels and wooden spokes. It had a vehicle body out of wood with a large top out of black varnished leather to protect drivers from the rain and was powered by two wheel hub motors in the front wheels. These electric wheel hub motors already went into production in Lohner’s workshops in the Donaufelderstraße in Vienna, in 1990, when the world exhibition in Paris opened.

The internal pole electric engines built into the hubs had an output of 2.5 hp each. The wheel hub motor in the front wheels was the first patent registered on the Porsche & Lohner name. The vehicle reached a maximum speed of up to 40 km/hr.

Due to the heavy weight of the 42-cell lead accumulators as well as the wheel hub motors the electric drive found it hard to assert itself on the automobile market. Furthermore, the maintenance as well as the charging of the batteries was difficult, and the vehicles were expensive with sales slow to take off. In 1900, Lohner only sold five electric cars and eleven in the following year.


En chargeant cette vidéo, vous acceptez la politique de confidentialité de YouTube.
En savoir plus

Charger la vidéo

Replica of the Lohner Porsche 1899

The Replica of the Lohne-Porsche 1899 is on display in the entrance area of the oldtimer exhibition at fahr(T)raum Mattsee near Salzburg. The Lohner Porsche 1899 is also available as model car on a scale of 1:18 and 1:43 in the fahr(T)raum oldtimer museum and online shop.

Blog post: The world´s first four-wheel drive car was a Porsche

Blog post: Lohner-Porsche Mixte 1901


This might also interest you:

Hans Stuck Bergkönig und Rennlegende.

« King of the Mountains » Hans Stuck and his Austro Daimler racing cars

A ADM-R racing car and a ADM-R « Torpedo » (1929) now in fahr(T)raum Anyone scrutinising the history of European automobile racing sport in the last century will have encountered his name: Hans Stuck (1900-1978). The Bavarian started his career rather modestly as a milk delivery man where, as legend would have it, his driving style turned […]

Wasserturbine von Ferdinand Porsche Typ 291. Im Oldtimer Museum fahr(T)raum.

Original 1949 Porsche Konstruktionen GesmbH (Gmünd) water turbine now in fahr(T)raum

In the years between 1944 and 1950, the Porsche works in Gmünd/Carinthia, which operated under the name Porsche-Konstruktionen-Ges.m.b.H., produced not only the Porsche 356 No. 1 Roadster but also designs for racing cars, tractors, cable winches, ski lifts and crossflow turbines. The Type 291 crossflow turbine – on loan from the Porsche Automuseum in Gmünd […]

Automobilwerbung 20er 30er Audi Allein

Automobile advertising of the 20s and 30s

How were cars advertised in the 20s and 30s? How was society made aware of new achievements in the automotive industry and the brands behind them and persuaded to buy motor vehicles? In the Ferdinand Porsche Worlds of Experience, a special exhibition answers these questions and provides insights into the first advertising subjects, their creators […]